How to protect your eyes from UV rays

woman wearing sunglasses looking upThe key to protecting your eyes — and your family’s eyes — from the sun’s toxic ultraviolet rays starts with wearing protective eye wear and a wide-brimmed hat.

Here are some additional tips that can help protect your eyes:

  1. Buy only sunglasses that clearly state that they block 98 percent to 100 percent of ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) light. They should be comfortable to wear and not distort colors. Polarized lenses offer an added “comfort factor” because they “improve the ability to see in the presence of reflected glare.
  2. Request prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses that provide UVA and UVB protection. Check with your eye care professional to find out if you are getting the highest level of UV protection available in a particular class of lenses.
  3. Opt for styles that wrap all the way around to the temples to reduce the sun’s rays from entering from the side. And wear a hat with a broad brim or bill in addition to sunglasses to shield eyes even more.
  4. Get children and teens into the habit of wearing protective sunglasses and a hat when outdoors to help curb the cumulative effects that UV can create later in life and to avoid immediate injury from acute UV exposure.
  5. Limit outdoor exposure between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun’s UV light is most intense.

Sources: American Academy of Ophthalmology, ADC Ophthalmology and Optical Shop