About Thyroid Disease

woman yawning at work

Source: Thinkstock

Is there a problem with your thyroid?

Are you feeling tired no matter how much you sleep? Are you struggling with dry skin, hair loss, temperature sensitivity, or other unexplained symptoms? You might be one of roughly 20 million Americans with thyroid disease. However, only about 40 percent are actually aware of their condition. The thyroid interacts with just about every part of the body, so when your thyroid gland isn’t working optimally, neither are you.

About Thyroid Disease

The thyroid gland is a powerful, butterfly-shaped gland that sits at the bottom of your neck. In most cases, it works quietly and effectively, delivering thyroid hormone to all parts of the body behind the scenes. With symptoms so generic (many individuals may mistake them for aging or a host of other issues) thyroid disease can go unnoticed until it is diagnosed by your doctor. Women tend to be five to eight times more likely to experience thyroid issues but thyroid disease does occur in men.

The two main kinds of thyroid disease are hypothyroidism or a “slow” thyroid, where too little thyroid hormone is produced  and hyperthyroidism or a “fast” thyroid, where too much thyroid hormone is produced. While each condition affects patients differently, both require specialized treatment. Our trained physicians are able to assess, diagnose, and treat your thyroid condition, differentiating closely between causative factors and other conditions.

Thyroid Disease Treatment & Recovery

At The Austin Diagnostic Clinic, we take an individualized approach to diagnosing and treating our patients with just the right protocol for each individual case.

An underactive thyroid typically requires thyroid hormone replacement therapy to stimulate an individual’s body to function at optimum levels. Meanwhile, an overactive thyroid may require medication, radioactive iodine, and rarely surgery as part of the treatment plan. Feeling better can take days, weeks, or months, depending on the severity of a patient’s condition and the course of treatment.

Untreated thyroid disease can cause many bothersome symptoms ranging from changes in weight and energy levels to heart problems to even mental health issues. Delaying or avoiding diagnosis and treatment is never worth the risk of these and other complications of untreated thyroid gland disorders. If you are experiencing any of the common symptoms of thyroid disease, talk with your doctor about screening for thyroid disease.

Hyperthyroid or “Fast” Thyroid Symptoms

  • Palpitations
  • Weight Loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Easily sweaty/hot
  • Tremors
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia

Hypothyroid or “Slow” Thyroid Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Weight Gain
  • Constipation
  • Easily Cold
  • Depression
  • Hair Loss
  • Brittle Nails

About our reviewer:  Dr. Kate Geary is an endocrinologist practicing at ADC’s North Clinic.  To make an appointment call 512-901-4005 .


  1. Avatar Anonymous says

    I have been diagnosed as having fibromyalgia but not sure if that is correct or another issue. I have most of the symptoms for thyroid problems. How do I get a second opinion?

    • Avatar Rocky Epstein says

      Thank you for your question. Please visit with your primary care doctor and talk to them about your concerns. They may require additional lab work or screenings to confirm your concerns or offer a different diagnosis.